On March 22, 2021, Ali Soufan, Founder of The Soufan Center, joined an online event marking two years since the fall of the Islamic State’s (ISIS) caliphate. Hosted by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and the Wilson Center, the event also convened Ambassador James F. Jeffrey, Chair of Middle East Program at the Wilson Center; Robin Wright, columnist for The New Yorker; and moderator Anne Barnard, Journalist at The New York Times. The event touched upon the future prospects for ISIS, given that many of the political and economic conditions that gave rise to the group have still not been addressed by the international community. “The conditions that allowed ISIS to exist in the first place, still exist today. If we do not deal with the threats today, we will create a faultline down the road,” warned Ali Soufan in his conclusion.